Tennessee, which is one of the oldest domestic captive domiciles, has, in recent years, become one of the fastest growing.
Over the last 6 years, the number of active captives in Tennessee has more than doubled, jumping from 68 in 2014 to 145 at the end of 2020.
Captive premium volume has increased even more. In 2019, premium volume topped $1.5 billion, a huge increase compared to 2015 when captives' premium volume was just under $670 million.
That growth, experts say, has been fueled by sweeping improvements state legislators have made to the statute.
Included in the first round of changes, enacted in 2011, were revisions to the 1978 law, which, among other things, set new captive minimum capital and surplus requirements, allowed captives to provide workers compensation coverage if certain conditions were met, as well as mandating that premium taxes paid by captives be used to help fund the state's captive regulation.
And positive legislative changes have continued. For example, in 2016, lawmakers approved a measure that gives a 1-year premium tax exemption for captives that redomesticate from non-US domiciles. Other changes include clarification that the assets of any individual cell captive cannot be seized as part of litigation against another cell.
The 2016 measure also gave most captives more time to file their annual reports.
And legislative changes have continued. For example, legislation passed in 2017 includes provisions stipulating that dormant captives only have to maintain capital and surplus of $25,000 and are exempt from premium taxes, as well as slashing financial penalties on captives that do not make premium tax payments on time.
More recently, under legislation passed last year, captives, with the approval of the state insurance commissioner, can invest capital and surplus, in various approved securities, providing for better returns on investments.
With those enhancements to the law in place, captive growth was immediate. For example, just 4 months after the passage of the 2011 legislation, HCA Inc., a big Nashville-based hospital system, set up a captive in the state.
And growth has continued ever since. As of the end of 2020, Tennessee had 145 active captives. That compares to just 2 before the 2011 legislation was passed.
"Tennessee really has come back," said Art Koritzinsky, captive advisory leader for the Americas with Marsh Captive Solutions in Norwalk, Connecticut.
It isn't only the legislative updates that have led organizations to set up captives in Tennessee. Just as important is the top quality and accessibility of Tennessee's captive regulators.
"They are highly accessible and very easy to work with," said Andy Rhea, a managing director with captive manager ICG Captive Services in Nashville.
In addition, Tennessee has a new top captive regulator. Belinda Fortman, who, among things, led her own captive management firm and was a director of the Tennessee Captive Insurance Association, recently succeeded Jennifer Stalvey at the Tennessee Department of Commerce & Insurance (TDCI) as director of the Captive Insurance Section.
"Captive insurance is a growing and important part of Tennessee's thriving economy. Belinda's decades of leadership and experience with captive insurance companies will help ensure Tennessee will continue to climb among the ranks of respected captive industry leaders," TDCI Commissioner Hodgen Mainda said earlier in a statement.
"Tennessee has grown to become one of the top-tier captive domiciles due to its business-friendly, responsive regulatory team and low operating costs. Serving as the Captive Insurance Section director is a wonderful opportunity to continue to contribute to the captive insurance industry in this state," Ms. Fortman said in a statement.
In addition, Joshua Clark, a veteran captive insurance executive, also recently joined the TDCI as director of business development for the Insurance Division, where, among other things, he will be involved in attracting more captives to the state.