2019 Natural Catastrophe Loss Data Reveals Relief for Reinsurers

Types of Natural Disasters Text

January 24, 2020 |

Types of Natural Disasters Text

Willis Towers Watson reported that insured losses from major natural catastrophes in 2019 totaled roughly $53 billion, about 18 percent lower than the annual average since 2011. This continues a relative period of calm compared to 2017, when the total loss reached a peak of $143 billion.

The total loss figure again arises from a series of smaller and medium-sized events, since no very large natural catastrophe losses were incurred. In contrast, the annual average of $65 billion is driven upwards by peak annual losses of $120 billion in 2011 and $143 billion in 2017, which each brought multiple $10 billion-plus events.

Insured Losses from Natural Catastrophes Since 2011, $ billion





















*Willis Re estimates, presented in $ at 1 December exchange rates for the year reported

The largest insured catastrophe losses in 2019 were in Japan, where tropical cyclones Faxai in September and Hagibis in October delivered insured losses of circa $7.0 billion and $8.0 billion, respectively. In the United States, the largest events were Hurricane Dorian with wide-ranging loss estimates and a thunderstorm affecting the High and Central Plains and the Eastern United States, which brought insured losses of between $3 billion and $4 billion. Elsewhere in the world, no billion-dollar losses occurred. At year-end, the total reported loss cost of Australia's wildfires, which straddled 2019/20, had reached roughly $900 million. The loss now exceeds $1 billion based on current exchange rates, so the 2019 share of the total may reach the billion-dollar threshold as further claims and their dates of loss are reported.

North America had the largest insured catastrophe-loss bill, with around 46 percent of the global total in 2019, closely followed by Asia Pacific with 38 percent.

Karl Jones, head of catastrophe analytics, Willis Re International, said, "Despite this being a lower than average year compared to the previous decade, we have still seen some extreme and unusual events, including back-to-back typhoon losses in Japan, and the large number and scale of bushfires in Australia."

Vaughn Jensen, executive vice president and head of North America catastrophe analytics at Willis Re, said, "The year will come as a relative relief to reinsurers, following the extremely costly events of 2017 and 2018. However, the year did bring the strongest-ever landfalling hurricane in the Atlantic, Hurricane Dorian."

January 24, 2020